2015年广东省广州市中考英语试卷

发布于:2021-09-26 13:47:45

毕业学校_____________

姓名________________

考生号________________

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绝密★启用前

广东省广州市 2015 年初中毕业生学业考试



英语

(满分 135 分,考试时间 120 分钟)



一、听力(共两节,满分 35 分)

第一节 听力理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

每段播放两遍。各段后有几个小题,各段播放前每小题有 5 秒钟的阅题时间。请根

据各段播放内容及其相关小题,在 5 秒钟内从题中所给的 A、B、C 项中,选出最佳选

项。



听下面一段对话,回答第 1~3 三个小题。

1. Where does the talk take place?

A. At school.

B. At Kelly’s house.

C. At Jason’s house.

2. What is the talk mainly about?

A. Ways to improve the environment.



B. The school project they were given.

C. The reasons Jason wasn’t at school.

3. What do the speakers finally decide to do?

A. To clean up the river.



B. To do some tree planting.

C. To help the school save water.

听下面一段独白,回答第 4~6 三个小题。

4. Who is listening to the talk?

A. Teachers.

B. University students.

C. New workers.



5. Why does the speaker think that he is very lucky?

A. He works for a large company.

B. He has a well-paid job.

C. He does something he loves.

6. What kind of person does a boss prefer?



A. Someone from a famous university.

B. Someone with work experience.

C. Someone who likes using computers.

听下面一段对话,回答第 7~9 三个小题。



7. How much did the man give the woman in total?

A. $25.

B. $32.

C. $42.

英语试卷 第 1 页(共 12 页)

8. Where will the man go after the talk?

A. To a meeting.

B. To a restaurant.

C. To his hotel room.

9. What can we guess about the man from the talk?

A. He works at the Star City Hotel.

B. He does not know the area well.

C. He often eats at this restaurant.

听下面一段独白,回答第 10~12 三个小题。

10. What is the purpose of the talk?

A. To report on a natural disaster.

B. To ask the government for help.

C. To collect money for people in need.

11. How long have the people in the countryside suffered from little rain?

A. Ten years.

B. One year.

C. Two months.

12. How does China Aid plan to help the farmers?

A. By giving seeds to them.

B. By buying water for them.

C. By sending books to their children.

听下面一段对话,回答第 13~15 三个小题。

13. What has the girl prepared for breakfast?

A. Coffee, eggs and chocolate.

B. Bread, eggs and cake.

C. Cake, milk and tea.

14. How did the girl pay for the gifts?

A. With her own cash.

B. With her bank card.

C. With her father’s bank card.

15. What did the girl do last night?

A. She damaged her father’s car.

B. She bought her father movie tickets.

C. She booked a table at a restaurant.

第二节 听取信息(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分)

听下面一段独白,请根据题目要求,从所听到的内容中获取必要的信息,填入标号

为○A ~○E 的空格中。听录音前,你将有 15 秒钟的阅题时间。录音播放两遍。你将有 80

秒钟的作答时间。

英语试卷 第 2 页(共 12 页)

Country

Guangzhou Coin Collectors’ Exhibition

Year produced

Made of

Details

Egypt

1200 BC

○A ________ One of the oldest coins ever found.

Greece

○B ________ BC

Iron

It has the picture of a king.

Spain ○D ________

1588 1825

Silver Copper

It was found in a ship○C ________.
It has the same picture on both sides. It is the most ○E ________ coin in the world.

二、语言知识及运用(共两节,满分 20 分)

第一节 单项选择(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

从 16~25 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

16. Hurry up, kids! The school bus is coming. We have ______ time left.

A. few

B. a few

C. little

D. a little

17. Sarah, you’d better drink more water after ______ for such a long time.

A. run

B. runs

C. to run

D. running

18. Emma looked after her pet dog ______ of all her friends.

A. careful

B. most careful

C. more carefully

D. the most carefully

19. The weather forecast says that ______ another storm tomorrow.

A. there will have

B. there will be

C. there has

D. there has been

20. The stories ______ were written by Mark Twain are often humorous.

A. that

B. those

C. who

D. what

21. Miss Brown, we ______ cleaning our classroom. Can we go home now?

A. finish

B. finishing

C. are finished D. have finished

22. The boy looked ______ because he didn’t pass his maths exam.

A. sad

B. sadness

C. saddest

D. sadly

23. Many houses ______ by the earthquake and thousands of people were left homeless.

A. damaged

B. were damaged C. were damaging D. are damaged

24. —______ will the invitations be sent to our guests?

—In three days.

A. How often

B. How soon

C. How long

D. How far

25. Could you tell me ______ a moment ago?

A. what were they talking about

B. what are they talking about

C. what they were talking about

D. what they are talking about

英语试卷 第 3 页(共 12 页)

第二节 语法选择(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,从 26~35 各题所给
的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。

Once, a king loved music so much that he searched the world for the best instrument there was. One day, a magic man 26 the king a harp(竖琴).

The king took it to the palace, but 27 he played it, the harp sounded terrible. Many

28 people tried it. They agreed that the harp was 29 and the king had been fooled.

The harp was thrown out as rubbish.

A poor little girl 30 found the harp, and even though she didn’t know how 31

it, she decided to have a try. She played and played, the whole day through, for months and

years. The music she produced was never perfect, 32 each time it sounded a little better.

Then one day, suddenly, the harp started to play the most beautiful music. It was in fact

32 magic harp, and could only be played well by someone who would put in the necessary

effort.

The king heard the music from his window, and called the girl to the palace. When the

king saw that she was playing his old harp, he was filled 34 joy. At that moment he

made the girl his own private 35 , giving her and her family many riches.

26. A. offer

B. offers

C. offered

D. has offered

27. A. when

B. before

C. if

D. because

28. A. another

B. other

C. others

D. the other

29. A. used

B. using

C. useless

D. uselessness

30. A. late

B. lately

C. latest

D. later

31. A. played

B. to play

C. playing

D. to playing

32. A. so

B. and

C. or

D. but

33. A. a

B. an

C. the

D. /

34. A. in

B. of

C.by

D. with

35. A. music

B. musical

C. musician

D. musically

三、完形填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36~45 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出 最佳选项。
Ian Kierman was born in Sydney, Australia, and grew up near the sea. For more than 40 years, he raced in international sailing competitions.
In 1987, Kierman was competing in an around-the-world race when he began to 36 the huge amount of rubbish in the world’s oceans. When he returned to Australia, he 37 to do something about it.
He organized a community 38 called “Clean Up Sydney Harbour”. On Sunday, January 8, 1989, more than 40 000 volunteers came out to 39 away rubbish. The next
英语试卷 第 4 页(共 12 页)

毕业学校_____________

姓名________________

考生号________________

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year, Kierman made the clean-up a national event. It was a huge 40 . Across Australia,

about 300 000people spent the day improving their local 41 .

Since then, “Clean Up Australia” has got 42 every year. In 2002, for example, 800



000 people cleaned up almost 15 000 tons of rubbish from Australia’s beaches, parks and

streets.

Kierman was 43 with the success of his project. In 2003, he started an even bigger

program. With the 44 of the United Nations Environment Program, he introduced



“Clean Up the World”, an international program that supports communities around the world

in cleaning up and protecting the environment. “Clean Up the World” has grown 45 and

his wonderful idea has now spread from one city to the whole world.

36. A. save

B. collect

C. notice

D. produce

37. A. refused

B. decided

C. pretended

D. stopped



38. A. law

B. party

C. company

D. event

39. A. clear

B. send

C. turn

D. give

40. A. problem

B. success

C. surprise

D. failure

41. A. culture

B. project

C. government D. environment

42. A. older



43. A. happy

B. smaller B. angry

C. bigger

D. faster

C. disappointed D. concerned

44. A. need

B. help

C. hope

D. action

45. A. loudly

B. gently

C. rapidly

D. busily

四、阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)



阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。

(A)

This is a tale of two friends—one is blind, the other has no arms. On their own, the two

are “disabled”. But together, they are a powerful team that has changed part of their village in



North China’s Hebei Province into a rich, green forest. Meet 53-year-old Jia Haixia and Jia

Wenqi!

Their story began in 2000, when Haixia, who was already blind in his right eye, lost his

left one after an illness. Wenqi lost his arms in an accident when he was just three. Neither

could find a job, so the two decided to team up. They rented some poor land and began to



plant trees. In return, the local officials paid them a small fee.

Haixia and Wenqi never imagined that they would end up creating an environmental

paradise. Their forest now has over 10 000 trees, hundreds of birds and many other wild

animals. In addition, it saves the village from river flooding during the rainy season.

When the friends work together, they focus on their strengths not their disabilities. Their



day begins at 7 a. m. when the sightless Haixia carries Wenqi across the river to get to their

worksite. Since they cannot afford to buy young trees to plant, the two use branches from 英语试卷 第 5 页(共 12 页)

existing trees. Haixia climbs to the tree-top and with Wenqi’s direction, selects the perfect

branch. He then digs a hole and carefully plants it. Finally Wenqi waters the area.

Though hard-working, the men don’t make much money. But as Wenqi puts it, “We stand

on our own feet, so the fruits of our work taste sweeter.”

Neither Haixia nor Wenqi cares about money. Together, they already have everything

they need—a perfect pair of eyes, two strong hands, and the best friendship in the world!

46. Why did Haixia and Wenqi start working together?

A. Haixia needed someone to help him.

B. They both needed a way to make money.

C. They wanted to improve the environment.

D. They were required to do so by local officials.

47. Haixia and Wenqi’s forest has helped the village by________.

A. stopping floods in the rainy season

B. increasing the number of tourists

C. making the villagers richer

D. providing more farmland

48. Why do Haixia and Wenqi plant tree branches?

A. They are easy to get.

B. They do not cost money.

C. They can grow very quickly.

D. They are preferred by animals.

49. In paragraph 5, when Wenqi says “We stand on our own feet, so the fruits of our work taste

sweeter”, he means that “________”.

A. they hope to make the forest even better

B. the fruits from their trees are very sweet

C. they are proud not to depend on others

D. they are able to do any difficult work

50. What can we learn from this story?

A. Never give up and you will succeed.

B. We should help the disabled to work.

C. Try your best when facing difficulties. D. We can achieve more with teamwork.

(B) Most of us could probably live without vegetables, but a world without chocolate? Now that would be hard! According to chocolate makers it could happen if we don’t act soon. There are two main causes of the chocolate shortage—chocolate’s growing popularity and less production of cocoa, the plant from which chocolate is made. With more and more people in India and China loving chocolate, not much can be done about the first cause. Therefore, the only thing we can do is to increase cocoa production. However, new plant diseases and little rain in Ivory Coast and Ghana, the world’s largest producers, have reduced cocoa production by 40 percent in the past 10 years. What’s worse, many cocoa farmers in

英语试卷 第 6 页(共 12 页)

Africa and other cocoa-producing countries like Indonesia and Venezuela are changing to

easier-to-grow crops such as corn or rubber. This way, the farmers can make more money.

To prevent more farmers from changing, researchers at the newly opened International

Cocoa Control Centre, in the UK, are trying to create new cocoa plants that are stronger and

faster growing. But first they must make sure the new plants are safe to grow. This takes a

long time.

First, each new plant is stored at the Control Centre for six months to make sure it is

healthy. It is then planted in the Centre’s fields, studied and tested for another two years. Only

after scientists are certain that they’re disease-free, will the plants be sent to farmers in West

Africa or wherever else they are needed.

To create new stronger types of cocoa, scientists at the Centre are combining the best

parts from different cocoa plants. Though the world is facing a serious chocolate shortage,

there is now hope!

51. The first paragraph tells us that ________.

A. chocolate is healthier than vegetables

B. the world could soon be without chocolate

C. people love vegetables more than chocolate

D. it’s not necessary to eat so much chocolate

52. In which countries has chocolate become more popular in recent years?

A. Venezuela and Indonesia.

B. Ivory Coast and Ghana.

C. Indonesia and China.

D. China and India.

53. Cocoa farmers are choosing to grow rubber and corn because these crops ________.

A. can make them more money

B. need less rain to grow

C. can be planted more times each year D. are not damaged by plant diseases

54. How long does it take scientists at the Centre to make sure a cocoa plant is safe to grow?

A. 6 months.

B. 12 months. C. 24 months. D. 30 months.

55. What is one of the purposes of the Cocoa Control Centre?

A. To introduce cocoa production to more countries.

B. To provide more chocolate for British people.

C. To produce stronger types of cocoa plants.

D. To make sure that cocoa is healthy to eat.

(C) On March 3, 1887, the lives of two amazing women were changed forever when Anne Sullivan, a poor university graduate, arrived at the home of the wealthy Keller family to teach their six-year-old daughter Helen. It was a difficult job as Helen was unable to see, hear or speak because of illness. Anne had been suggested to the Kellers by her university professor, a close friend of Mr.

英语试卷 第 7 页(共 12 页)

Keller. Before she arrived, Anne expected her new pupil to be a quiet, weak child. But Helen was nothing like that. When Anne first walked through the Kellers’ door, the energetic Helen nearly knocked her over in her hurry to feel Anne’s face, clothing and bag.
Helen was used to visitors bringing her sweets, and angrily tried to force open Anne’ s case to take her candy. But Anne calmed her down by allowing Helen to play with her watch. So began one of the most successful student-teacher relationships in history.
Anne Sullivan was only twenty years old when she began teaching Helen. She had to not only teach the child all the usual school subjects, but also control Helen’s sometimes wild behaviour.
Her well-meaning parents allowed Helen to do as she liked at home. Realizing that such an environment was unsuitable for learning, Anne requested that she and Helen live in a small house nearby.
As soon as Helen began learning, it became clear she was especially intelligent. She quickly learned to read and write, and by the age of ten she could also speak.
In 1900, Helen started studying at Radcliffe University, and graduated first in her class in 1904. She was the very first blind and deaf person to get a university degree. How did she do it? Anne Sullivan read all of Helen’s books and then signed the information into her hand. Anne remained at Helen’s side until her death in 1936. Helen became a world-famous writer, and fought for disabled people’s rights until her death on Jun 1, 1968. 56. How did Anne come to work at the Kellers’ home?
A. She replied to a job advertisement. B. She was introduced by her family friend. C. She was recommended by her university professor. D. She met Mr. Keller while studying at university. 57. What surprised Anne most about Helen when they first met? A. How intelligent Helen was. B. Helen giving Anne a gift. C. The way Helen’ parents treated her. D. How forceful Helen was. 58. According to the passage, Helen’s parents _______. A. allowed her to do as she wished B. gave her too many gifts and sweets C. did not spend much time with her D. cared little about her education 59. Which of the following is NOT true about Helen’s university studies? A. She was greatly helped by Anne. B. She was the best student in her class. C. She was able to graduate in three years. D. She was the first deaf and blind university graduate. 60. According to the passage, both Anne and Helen________.
英语试卷 第 8 页(共 12 页)

毕业学校_____________

姓名________________

考生号________________

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A. died in their 60s C. came from rich families


B. were well educated D. fought for human rights









(D)

61. “Dolphin Intelligence” is probably a story about dolphins’ ________.



A. eating habits

C. learning activities

B. living places D. communication methods

62. What is true about New York according to the website?

A. People are now afraid to visit.

B. Millions of tourists go there.

C. It has some new activities.

D. It offers many big apples.



63. A person going to the page “The Magic of Night Markets” would expect to find ________.

A. a long article about night markets

B. an interview with night market sellers

C. many photographs of newly-arrived clothes

D. many pictures of night market foods and food shops



64. From which page can a reader get some useful advice on photography?

A. Video

B. Visions of Earth

英语试卷 第 9 页(共 12 页)

C. Your Shot

D. Photo of the Day

65. What has been the most popular story on the website last week?

A. Top Danger for Lions: Hunting

B. Controlling the Mekon

C. A Day in New York

D. Amazing Amazon

五、写作(共三节,满分 30 分)
第一节 单词拼写(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 根据下列句子及所给单词的首字母写出所缺单词。在填写答卷时,要求写出完整单
词。(每空限填一词)
66. It is a p________ that the weather is so bad today. We can’t go on a picnic. 67. You should always knock at the door before you e________ a room. 68. Close the window or the wind will b________ everything off my desk. 69. The young woman is very b________. She is not afraid of anything. 70. It’s very p________ to say “Thank you” when someone helps you. 第二节 完成句子(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)
根据所给的汉语内容,用英语完成下列句子。(每空限填一词) 71. 现在越来越多的外国人对中国文化感兴趣了。
Now more and more foreigners ________ ________ ________ Chinese culture. 72. 根据奶奶的建议,这汤应该煮两个小时以上。
The soup ________ ________ ________ for more than two hours according to Grandma. 73. 我桌面上的钥匙不见了,不知谁拿走了。
The key on my desk is gone. I wonder ________ ________ it away. 74. 这部电影真乏味啊!我都快睡着了。
________ ________ ________ movie it was! I almost fell asleep. 75. 如果你现在不出发,你就会错过末班车。
________ you don’t leave now, you ________ ________ the final bus. 第三节 书面表达(共 1 小题;满分 15 分)
你校将开设一些特色课程,学生可根据兴趣进行选择。请根据以下内容提示为学校 英文网页写一篇短文,介绍这些课程、提出你建议增设的课程并说明理由。
注意:1. 参考词汇:模型制作 model making 2. 词数 80 左右(文章开头已给出,不计入词数); 3. 不得透露学校、姓名等任何个人信息,否则不予评分。

英语试卷 第 10 页(共 12 页)

Students in our school are free to choose some special courses according to their interest. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

英语试卷 第 11 页(共 12 页)

英语试卷 第 12 页(共 12 页)


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